Our Vision

Transforming the healthy climate of Bandarawela to picturesque a Healthy Resort of Asia.

Our Mission

To Contribute for the prevision of a confident service of public health, thorough fares, welfare and public utility service in an optimum level utilizing resources efficiently and productively with a participative approach and with a sensation to environment to ensure the Social, Economic and Cultural development of the people in the administrative area of the Bandarawela Municipal Council.

 

Demography
Population
32000
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
875.16 ha
Density
27.61 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.


 
 
 
 
 

 

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Gender differences in the demography of Bandrawela MC is seen with a higher number of women than men, a trend was seen in all the major cities in Sri Lanka, but pronounced in Bandarawela (94 men per 100 females, i.e. 53% are female). In Bandarawela, in all the age groups, there are more females than men. This is also a national trend. As with other cities, the female elderly population is significantly higher than their male counterparts, and of the total male and female populations in 2012, the male and female elderly proportions were reported to be 12 and 13 percent, respectively, which results from the higher life expectancy of women. The high proportion of elderly women in the MCs poses questions about how their wellbeing can be secured and will be a growing policy concern for many cities and the GoSL as has been the case in many advanced economies with aging populations.

Download data file here

Composition of the Ethnic Profile - by Urban Area, District, and Province

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Most of the Sinhalese living in this area are Buddhists, with Tamils following Hinduism forming the next largest religious group. Other religious persuasions in the province are Islam and a small number of Christians. This graph shows how the city compares in ethnic composition to the district and the province. While usually cities show a more cosmopolitan nature than the province, in the case of Bandarawela, this is not so. The Bandarawela city reflects the close composition of the district and the provincial percentages. The reason for this probably being that Bandarawela is seen as a Plantation sector-based city that continues to be historically determined and such tends to remain largely Tamils.

Download data file here

Migrant population in city limits by years of residence

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The total male resident population in the Bandarawela Municipal Council area is 11460, the total female resident population is 12708 out of which the total male migrant population is 2381 and the total female migrant population is 2903. According to that the amount of female inmigrants are comparatively higher than the male inmigrants..

Download data file here

Education

Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

Category of Educational attainment by Gender( aged 3 - 24 years )

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

The above age group in Bandarawela MC around half of the of people who are in age 3 to 24 are attending schools.

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Solid waste collection and disposal (Per day)

Libraries and community centers

Source - Bandarawela Municipal Council Public Library

Bandarawela Public Library, which belongs to the Bandarawela Municipal Council, was established on 1960 January 20, with 600 books and about 100 members. The number of registered readers by the year 2021 is 16356.

Download data file here

Please go to the website at this link

Workers related to road sector

Environment

A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Annual average air temperature at observation stations

Source - Department of Meteorology

Here is the change in the annual values of air temprature from 2006 to 2013. According to the Bandarawela Observatory station, air temprature in the area is calculated separately for each month and more information can be downloaded from the following detailed statistics.

Download data file here

Thematic maps

 

Bandarawela Municipal Council area: 

Bandarawela MC covers an area of 875.16 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here 

 

Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Bandarawela MC:

Further details related to its 15 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here

 

Road Map of Bandarawela Municipal Council:

The road map for Bandarawela Municipal Council shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                        Download Data Layer Here

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Legends

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
4 (ha)
  • High Rise
    • 1
    Low Rise
    • 1
    Slum
    • 1
    Shanty
    • 1
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
0 (ha)

 

In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.

 

The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing

 

In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.

 

 

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Legends
Urban expansion statistics
Bandarawela Municipal Council ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0