Demography
Population
42883
ADMINISTRATIVE AREA
72860 ha
Density
0.59 persons / ha

A city is a large human settlement. People are the main driving force in a city. The dynamism of a city is dependent  on people and their behaviour. A preliminary understanding of the composition and diverse capabilities of the populations in a city should be the key to a successful urban study.

This section provides a description of the demographic status and trends in the city, primarily based on 2012 census data, presenting an overall view of the population. Trends and patterns of urban population are discussed including  aspects of demography such as age, sex, ethnicity, education levels; and overall observations with regard to migration patterns, suburban population and gender.

Understanding the demographic and composition patterns of the population within the existing physical boundary will help in planning a livable  city.


 
 
 
 
 

 

Gender distribution by age

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Out of the total population in Mullaitivu District, 49.91% are male and 50.08% are female. The number of females are higher than the male. The proportion of the total population divided by age is 30.47% for children under 15, 26.15% for those ages 15-29, 34.86% for those aged 30-59 and 8.52% for the elderly population over 60 year.

Download data file here

Resettled Population Sex & Age wise

Source - Department of Agriculture, Mullaitivu

The number of resettled persons within the limits of Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha is given here on the basis of gender and age. This data is based on the data as at 31.12.2018

Download data file here

Composition of the Ethnic Profile - by Urban Area, District, and Province

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

Maritimepattu ethnic city makeup comprises a majority of 70 percent Srilankan Tamils, followed by 13 percent Sinhalese, 16 percent Sri Lanka Moor and less than 1 percent other groups.

Download data file here

Gender Distribution

Source - Department of Census and Statistics

According to the Census 2012, female population is higher than male population in the country. Out of the total population, 48.4 percent are males and 51.6 percent are females. The number of females are higher than the male in Maritimepattu. Out of the total population of Maritimepattu 21,049 (or 49.2%) are males and 21,777 (or 50.8%) are females. Above chart presents the percentage distribution of population by sex.

Download data file here

Education

Education has always been a significant element in societal development. The development of education facilities contributes substantially to the development in an urban area.

As a developing country it is crucial to address poverty in order to attain the development goals. Education plays a major role in poverty reduction. Presently, several global cities have been implementing the concept of smart city to improve the quality of life of the society, including in the field of education.

Good educational institutions and coverage enables a population to have decent livelihoods be they self employed or part of the workforce. Understanding how a city provides primary, secondary and tertiary eductional as well as skill development through vocational centres could provide some pointers to how well a city is doing or where it needs to develop further.

GCE (O/L) Examination - Performance of School Candidates

Students Teachers Ratio

No. of Students by Divisional secretary's Division and Type of Schools

Number of libraries maintaied by Local Authority

Source - Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha

Under our Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha there are 4 Libraries functioning with the monitoring and maintenance by the sub offices. All libraries are attached with the sub office buildings. Mullaitivu and Mulliyawalai libraries both are containing more than 4000 valuable books. Lot of readers are getting benefits through these.

Classification of schools

Source - The Resource Profile & Statistics 2019 Mullaitivu District

There are 32 schools functioning in Maritimepattu which include four 1AB schools , Five 1C schools , Nine type II schools and fourteen type III schools.

Transport

Connectivity is central to key GoSL strategic aims: to promote economic growth, and to rebalance growth across the country’s 9 provinces. Higher the connectivity to any city, better is the urban growth in that city. 

Detailed information on key transport aspects including bus and rail transport, freight route maps, airports and logistic systems are aspects that should be considered for a city to be properly interconnected within the bigger system. One of the SDG targets 11.2 is about access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems, road safety, public transport, and if we are to move towards being sustainble, these need to be considered in tranpsort planning. Further, the needs of people in vulnerable situations, women and children, persons with disabilities and older persons should also be considered.

ICT coverage is another way of being connected and recent technological advances enable a city to be better connected through its access to ICTs as well.

Length of rural roads within the boundaries of the local authority

Source - Department of Local Government,Nothern Province

The length of rural roads maintained by the local authorities in the entire Mullaitivu district is reported as 1390.79 km, out of which the length of the rural roads within the limits of Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha is 659.66 km. In addition, although the A and B category roads are not shown in the chart above, the total length of A category roads in the Mullaitivu district is 99.92 km and the total length of B category roads is 101.43 km. For information on routes, visit the data file below.

Download the file here

Accident statistics in Police Divisions (Number of fatal casualties)

Source - The Resource Profile & Statistics 2019 Mullaitivu District

It illustrates the number of fatal casualties in 2017

Economy

Cities are the primary drivers of economic development, therefore, Sri Lanka’s cities have a decisive role to play in driving the economy forward by catalysing high value-added economic activities, as the country strives to achieve upper middle-income country status.

According the latest Word Cities report, 80 per cent of global GDP is created by cities, despite their accounting for less than 60 per cent of the world’s population (UN-Habitat, 2016).

The Government of Sri Lanka recognizes the role of urban economy in shaping the future of the country. In this respect, Vision 2025 and Public Investment Programme (PIP) 2017-2020 lays out the urban policy priority actions: to promote western region as economic hub of the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and to promote strategic city development to secondary urban spaces as provincial economic hubs. 

It is also interesting to see how competitive a city is, taking into account current and potential roles of governments, businesses and the private sector in the economic development of the city and urban settlements, best use of human capital,  and labour force participation, and existing skills and the job market etc. within demarcated territory. 

Estimated Recurring Revenue

Source - MPPS Annual Budget 2019

The graph indicates the Estimated Recurring Revenue of Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha in 2019

Download data file here

Number of Commercial Building Applications

Source - MPPS

The data represent the received commercial building applications during January 2020 to August 2020

Number of families according to income sector

Source - District Secretariat, Mullaitivu

The economy of the Mullaitivu district mainly depends on agriculture and fishing. The agriculture sector is the main income generating source in the district.

Download data file here

Annual Revenue and Expenditure of Local Authority

Source - MPPS Final Accounts 2019

The graph shows the total revenue and expenditure of the Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha in 2019.

Download data file here

Urban Governance

Urban governance can be simplified as “how government (local, regional and national) and stakeholders decide on planning, financing and managing urban areas”. It involves a continuous process of negotiation and contestation over allocation of social and material resources and political power.

This section provide a snapshot of the emergent contours of urban governance in Sri Lanka, focusing on financial resilience, service provision and economic dynamism.

Information available here are collected and calculated considering secondary data sets, ground level surveys as well as stakeholder discussions. The city governance index has taken many a factor into consideration and provides a valuable way of assessing our cities and how they rank from a governance perspective.

Number of voters and elected members

Source - Election Branch, Mullaitivu

The above chart represents the number of voters in Maritimepattu Division and number of members elected for the Local Government as the representatives to the General Public. In our Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha Council there are 24 members. Among the Maritimepattu total population number of 42826, there were 24273 voters in 2018. Maritimepattu Division includes 46 GN Divisions.

Human resources of Local Authority

Source - Establishment,Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha

The model of local government human resource management (H.R.M) has been described as a hybrid of the ‘ideal type’ model (Farnham and Horton, 1996). One reason why this hybrid was formed is the different objectives of the ideal type of H.R.M and those of H.R.M as determined by new public management . Local authority HR departments have come under increasing government pressure to strengthen and professionalize their role. This data can explore the perspectives of line and HR managers in Maritimepattu local authority on how the HR function can best be organized to contribute to the development of their organizations. further to the above data can provide a better understanding of the human resources that perform the day-to-day duties of the local authority. approved cadre and existing cadre for the Local authority are given here. The number of vacancies can be found by subtracting the approved cadre from the existing cadre. This particular bar graphs shows the number of current year approved cadre, existing cadre and vacancies available in Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha. Human Resource plays a significant role in any organization. Employees are considered as an important source. In our council there are 91 approved cadre and 14 vacancies. For some particular designation there is an inadequate human resources. Under our council there are 4 libraries functioning with library attendant without any Librarian.

Download data file here

Municipal Services

Municipal services is one of the key tasks an urban centre carries out fto ensure a functional living condition for its citizens.

The access to municipal services and the quality of their provision strongly influence the social, economic and environmental performance of a city as well as urban development.

Urban centres provide key services that underpin Sri Lanka’s socioeconomic development. Cities provide key government administration functions, such as vehicle registration services, access to social protection schemes, and a range of additional services (explored in detail in Chapter 9, urban governance in the SoSLC Report). Urban centres provide residents with health and education services: providing equitable access to quality healthcare and education. They also include services to facilitate social recreational activities and promote community cohesion, such as libraries, community centres and sports facilities. Ensuring quality services is a crucial component in securing an urban future for all Sri Lankans. 

Facilities available for the Solid Waste Management

Source - IWMI Publication - Solid and Liquid Waste Management and Resource Recovery in Sri Lanka: A 20 city analysis

Present solid waste disposal method practiced by the pradeshiya sabha is open dumping where the solid waste is disposed to forest area in Kayattai, Mulliyawalai. The medical waste generated by the hospital is disposed at their own dumping site. It was noted that there is no facility at the General Hospital to handle medical waste. Three tractors as a group of vehicles and the thirteen labor force are working related to SWM in Maritimepattu PS area.

Solid Waste Generation and Collection

Source - IWMI Publication - Solid and Liquid Waste Management and Resource Recovery in Sri Lanka: A 20 city analysis

The solid waste collection in the Maritimepattu pradeshiya sabha is limited to the main road and town centers. There are twelve markets in the area and a slaughter house located in the PS area. Daily solid waste collection in pradeshiya sabha is approximately 1 ton. However, we are facing problems with inadequate human resources in rendering the solid waste collection service.

Detail of street lamps

Source - Department of Local Government (N P)

At the end of 2018, the total number of street lamps in the Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha area was 856 and no new street lamps were added in 2019. There is a need for 120 street lamps in the Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha area by the year 2019.

Download data file here

Service Maintaned by Local Authority

Source - Department of Local Government, NP

Major necessary services for the general public are provided by the local government bodies within their administrative boundaries .Our Maritimepattu Pradeshiya Sabha also provides essential services to the public which include Market facility, Ayurvedic Hospital facility in free of charge, Slaughter house facility and also maintaining all cemetery under our administrative boundaries. Our Maritimepattu area is the one of the emerging city through developing infrastructure facility and raising standard of living . Therefore it is compulsory to give needed facilities to the public.Even though we are having 4 sub divisions under our council we are having only one Ayurvedic hospital in Mullaitivu Town area. There are so many people getting benefits through it.There are 31 Cemeteries which include Hindu Cemetery , Christian graveyard and Muslim burial ground. All services for the cemetery such as well facility and sheds for burning dead bodies are provided by the council.It is noted that the above data extracted from the year of 2018.

Download data file here

Environment

A city needs to have an environment that is habitable and conducive with appropriate spaces for people who use the city, while also being resilient in the face of increasing climate risk.

Aspects such as a cities’ air and water quality, quality of the built environment as well as the aesthetic and historic aspects in the city are things we need to look at. However, in the light of increasing disaster risk, managing climate change impact in the light of current urbanisation patterns becomes a key concern, and thus land use planning in a city needs to take this into account.

SDG targets 11.4 (safeguarding cultural and natural heritage) and 11.5 (reducing impacts of disasters, especially floods), 11.6 (air quality and waste) and  11.7 (safe, open and green spaces for all groups) all emphasize that for a city to be sustainable, these aspects need to be considered.

Monthly Average Rainfall and Temperature

Source - The Resource Profile & Statistics 2019 Mullaitivu District

The graph shows the monthly wise Average rainfall in Tannimurippu tank which is situated in Maritimepattu and Average temperature in Mullaitivu District in the year of 2018 .

Rainfall and Rainy Days

Source - The Resource Profile & Statistics 2019 Mullaitivu District

The graph shows the Annual rainfall record in the Thannimurippu tank which is situated in Maritimepattu in 2018

Soil types

Source - Department of Agricultural, Mullaitivu

This chart shows the soil types available in Mullaitivu District. It has extracted Department of Agricultural, Mullaitivu, as at 31.12.2018. More than 44% of the soil type occurrence in Mullaitivu District contains Reddish Brown Earth and Low Humid Clay Soils which is the most common soil type in Sri Lanka as well. This type of soils are favorable for rain fed upland crop, paddy, home garden, cashew, coconut and condiments. And 23% contains Red Yellow Lato Soil. Yellow or red soil indicates the presence of oxidized ferric iron oxides. Dark brown or black color in soil indicates that the soil has a high organic matter content. When considering the income generating source of Mullaitivu , 61% of families are depend on Agriculture sector which is include mainly Paddy Cultivation. There is a possible reason for it is Clay Soils which are favorable type of soil for paddy cultivation. Clay soils are rich with nutrients are stored for much longer and great for growing things that need a lot of water.

Download data file here

Health

Health conditions (mortality, morbidity, disability) depend not just on standards of living, but on the actual performance of health systems themselves.

Crude Birth Rate

Crude Death Rate

Thematic maps

 

Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha area: 

Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha covers an area of 69524.25 hectares. (Data Source _ Survey Department)

Download Map Here                      Download Data Layer Here  

 

Distribution of Grama Niladhari Divisions in Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha:

Further details related to its 47 Grama Niladhari Divisions can be seen by downloading the map. (Data Source: Survey Department)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here

 

Road Map of Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha:

The road map for Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha shows information on the road classifications. Road names are visible in the detailed layer which can be downloaded. This has been updated in 2020.(Data Source _ Openstreetmap)

Download Map Here                         Download Data Layer Here

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Legends

 

Proper management of land, a scarce resource, can bring about many benefits. This is of great importance especially in urban areas.

 

It is timely to figure out how land is allocated and being used for what purpose in our cities today. In order to create well planned cities with a futuristic vision, having a better understanding of current land use is imperative.

 

Land use maps are categorized into 36 sub-categories under two types – built-up and non built-up. The extent of land in each of these sub categories are indicated below.

 

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Built-Up
Total
Built-Up
(ha)
Non-Built-Up
Total
Non-Built-Up
(ha)

 

In all of the cities it can be identified that the higher densities are concentrated in the city centres and the expansion is taken place along the roads. The expansion pattern is shaped by the geography of the surrounding area.

 

The selection of the area for the urban expansion analysis was followed by several preliminary studies. Initially, the urban index values which was identified using the remote sensing information were studied in the respective municipal areas including a fringe area.
Before selecting interested area for the expansion analysis it should consider following facts
- Municipal boundary
- At least 2-3 km buffer around Municipal boundary
- Rough boundary where the physical urban character disappearing

 

In the remote sensing discipline, the values higher than 0 represent the built-up areas.The boundary for the fringe area was identified by getting the extent of urban expansion as well as a fine boundary where the high-density expansion become insignificant. The identified boundaries were projected on to the latest satellite images to assure the identified urban index values are in line with the existing building densities.

 

 

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Urban expansion statistics
Maritimpattu Pradeshiya Sabha ( km 2 )
Overall Growth rate 1995 - 2017 %
Urban change 1995 - 2017
TOTAL AOI 0